In the psychology of interpersonal communication, a medium degree of spatial distance can produce the most psychological attraction effect, which makes people happy to actively engage in interpersonal communication, while a spatial distance that is too close or too far will make people feel repulsive or alienated. The effect makes interpersonal communication obstacles. So, why is there a psychological distance effect?
First of all, it is the reason of psychological adaptation. Friends are inseparable, meet every day, and get along well. If you can’t adjust the psychological distance in time, you will not feel the strengths and strengths of the other person, and you will obviously feel the strengths or shining points of other people, because of the spatial distance Therefore, there will be no adaptation.
Secondly, it is the reason of psychological privacy. One does not want others to be too close to oneself in space, and oneself is also reluctant to approach others. The important reason is that everyone has their own privacy, and they don’t like to see themselves too clearly because of the proximity of others. In other words, most people don’t like to be a “transparent person”, especially don’t like to be seen clearly by others. If friends improperly pull the psychological distance too close, and do not give the other party the appropriate degree of freedom, they will feel that the other party makes themselves a lot of dissatisfaction, and there will be a psychological reaction of psychological rejection or avoidance.
Third, it is related to the personal relationship development model. In the initial acquaintance stage, generally speaking, the psychological distance effect is weak, short-lived, and superficial. It is mainly the appearance and enthusiastic and civilized behavior that have an important impact on the psychological distance effect. When in the intimacy stage, that is, the so-called medium spatial distance, it will produce a good psychological distance effect, that is, the self-person effect. People will regard their communication partner as an individual of the second self, understand and appreciate the other’s inner view of the world, that is, there is an intimate relationship between each other in emotion, knowledge and behavior, and both parties have the same or Similar feelings, opinions and actions. At the stage of acquaintance, that is, the period of psychological adaptation, one will turn a blind eye to the other’s strengths and see all the shortcomings and shortcomings, and psychological rejection or alienation will naturally occur.