October 05, 2022

What are the commonly used drugs for treating autism?

Nowadays, more and more children are suffering from autism. After the diagnosis of autism is clear, appropriate drugs can be selected according to the actual conditions of the children, medications prescribed by the doctor, and regular medications to maintain treatment. The purpose of medication is to control and stabilize the symptoms of emotional agitation, hyperactivity, impulsivity, crying, and self-injurious behavior in children with autism. One thing that needs special attention from patients is that when drugs are used to treat autism, they should be used strictly according to the doctor’s prescription and must not be used indiscriminately to avoid aggravating the condition.

7 common medicines for treating autism

1. Antidepressants

Clomipramine, imipramine and serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRS) are generally used, such as fluoxetine, setraline, fluvoxamine (blue release), etc., and buspirone is also used to treat children Autism can reduce stereotyped behaviors, self-injurious behaviors, aggressive behaviors and improve symptoms of abnormal social interactions.

2. Antipsychotics

After the diagnosis is clear, according to the specific conditions of the child, choosing drugs, taking the drugs as prescribed by the doctor and taking the drugs regularly, and maintaining the treatment can usually reduce hyperactivity, impulsivity, crying and aggressive behavior, improve behavior, and stabilize mood.

(1) Typical antipsychotics, including chlorpromazine, sulpiride, haloperidol, etc.

(2) Atypical antipsychotics, including risperidone (Vestone), clozapine, and olanzapine. Recently, a small penalty risperidone is commonly used in clinical treatment of autism, which can relieve symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsivity, aggressive behavior, and forced repetitive behavior. Some children can increase social interaction, and olanzapine has a similar effect.

3. Mood stabilizer

Including sodium valproate, carbamazepine, lithium carbonate, propranolol, clonazepam, the purpose of medication treatment is to control and stabilize the emotional excitement, crying and restlessness of children with autism, and self-harm behavior And other symptoms.

4. Vitamins and magnesium salts

There have been applications of large amounts of vitamin B6 and magnesium salts to treat children with autism. These two drugs mainly affect the neurotransmitter Dexie. The results were divided. Some believed that it could improve sleep, reduce hyperactivity and irritability, reduce aggression and self-harm, and enhance concentration. Some people think that it has no obvious effect on autism, and excessive doses may produce adverse side effects, including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pollution, agitation, insomnia, drug withdrawal symptoms, etc.

5. Central stimulants

Central stimulants, such as methylphenidate (ritalin) and pemoline, are mainly used in children with severe hyperactivity and inattention. They should be used with caution and epilepsy (a type of abnormal brain neuron A syndrome characterized by sudden, short and recurrent brain dysfunction caused by electric discharge.) Those with epileptic spots on the seizures and EEG should not be taken. The purpose of these drugs is to improve symptoms such as excessive activity and attention loss.

6. Dopamine (DA) antagonist

In 2001, some scholars reported the application of Amantadine Hcl in the treatment of children with autism. This drug is used to treat Parkinson’s disease and drugs that cause external system disorders. It is used to treat autism at a dose of 0.25 mg-5 mg per kg/day It turns out that it is a safe and effective drug for hyperactivity, agitation, and behavioral disorders, but it still needs further clinical research and observation.

7, antagonistic morphine drugs

Nalterxone is a morphine blocker. The daily dose for treating autism is 0.5 mg-2 mg per kilogram of body weight. It can reduce excessive activity, impulsivity, stereotyped behavior, self-injury behavior, increase eye contact and social behavior .

The treatment of autism mainly adopts comprehensive intervention measures, including drug treatment, behavior correction, and training and education to give full play to the role of parents. Before medication, you must be diagnosed and checked by your doctor before choosing medications. Do not use drugs blindly. At the same time, you must understand the precautions of the medication process, strengthen observation, pay attention to the side effects of medications and strengthen the safe storage of medications to prevent accidents.