How much harm does rape cause to women?
Most women who experience rape will experience a psychological disorder-post-traumatic stress disorder.
Different people suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder to different levels. People with mild or moderate levels can continue to live or even continue to work. But some people will be very stubborn, and their work performance, family life and social life will deteriorate.
Generally, there are three manifestations of post-traumatic stress disorder.
1. Continuously reproduce the traumatic experience.
The victim will suddenly appear in the victim’s mind, falling into painful memories, or constantly having nightmares. Some people will continue to experience how they felt when they were victimized, as if the incident recurred. If you re-enter the place where you recall the event, you will feel intense physical and psychological pain.
Even if the victim does not recall the process of being victimized, continuing to contact these people or people who know these people will remind her of the experience at that time, as if she was in the memory of the event, and she did not dare to say that she was The pain of sexual assault was unimaginable at the time.
2. Emotions become numb and alienated.
After being traumatized, some people will gradually withdraw, become emotionally numb, and become alienated from others. Especially right after the traumatic event, they may lose interest in many things, even severely suppress their emotions, and feel that their prospects are dim.
3. Become highly alert and remain awake.
Some people have difficulty falling asleep, or wake up easily after falling asleep, become anxious, irritable or short-tempered, have difficulty concentrating, and are always in a state of wanting to escape.
Studies have found that 95% of rape victims will experience severe post-traumatic stress disorder in the first two weeks after the incident, and 25% of women still suffer from this disorder 5 years after the incident.
In 2011, a study tested the cortisol levels of many patients suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder. Researchers found that when victims of rape recalled the traumatic event, the cortisol level and other events caused PTSD. The patients are different.
In other words, the rape incident may have changed their brains, and the changes in the brain may be lifelong changes.